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Winter Wren

 Order: Passeriformes
Family: Troglodytidae
Genus: Troglodytes
Species: hiemalis

La. passer sparrow, small bird
La. forma form, kind, species
Gr. trogle
hole or hollow
Gr. dutes burrower
Gr. troglodutes cave dweller
La. hiemalis winter

 
 
Winter Wren, F. Schuyler Mathews, Wild Birds and their Music, 1921
 
F. Schuyler Mathews  
 
About four inches long. Reddish brown, upper parts, with gray brown underside, barred sides and tail. Similar to the House Wren. Horizontal streak over the eye lacking the distinct contrast of the Carolina, Bewicks and Marsh Wrens. Short often stuck up tail, slightly downward curved beak.

Inhabits coniferous forests, often deep in the woods, sometimes in the thickets of field or wetland edges throughout most of British Columbia, south through Idaho, Washington, Oregon, and California, eastward across Canada, throughout the Great Lakes Region, lower Quebec, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, and south through Appalachia.

USGS Winter Wren Map

Builds nests of leaves, small twigs, feathers and moss in natural or abandoned tree cavities, broken tree stumps, roots of fallen timber, brush heaps, open buildings or bird houses.
 

Lays four to seven eggs, more or less, white speckled eggs which hatch after about two weeks incubation and young leave the nest in about another three weeks.

Two broods are reared.

You may occasionally catch one out of the corner of your eye darting through underbrush, gone before you can focus, usually close to the ground foraging for insects, spiders and seeds.

Usually deeper in the forest or grove as they are less inclined than the House Wren to live near humans.

Winter Wren, Louis Agassiz Fuertes, Birds of America, 1917

Louis Agassiz Fuertes

 
The Winter Wren nest box (same as for Bewicks Wrens and House Wrens) has a 4" by 4" floor, 8" inside ceiling, 1 1/4" diameter entrance hole located 6" above the floor and ventilation openings.
Chickadees, titmice, nuthatches, downy woodpeckers and other wrens may use this box.

Mount or hang from tree limbs at chest level, higher only if necessary in secluded locations with partial sun and shade near plenty of trees and other foliage. 

Male Wrens will build several nests for the female to choose from so hanging several nest boxes may make an area more attractive.

Nestbox for House Wrens, Bewick's Wrens, Winter Wrens, and Brown Creepers
Winter Wren Nest Box Plans

 
Winter Wren Song, F. Schuyler Mathews

 

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