Violet-Green Swallow

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Hirundinidae
Genus: Tachycineta
Species: thalassina

La. passer  sparrow, small bird
La. forma
  form, kind, species
La. hirundo
a swallow
Gr. takhus  fast, swift
Gr. kinetos  move
Gr. kinetes  mover
Gr. thalassa  the sea
Gr. thalassinos  sea green
La. thalassinus  sea green

Violet-green Swallow Flock, Allan Brooks, Birds of Washington, William Leon Dawson, 1909

Allan Brooks

About five inches long. Green upperparts and white face patches. White underside and rump.

Inhabits forests, mountains, farms and towns from Alaska and the Yukon throughout the western mountain states to California, Arizona, New Mexico and Mexico. Winters from California to Central America

USGS Violet-green Swallow Map

Builds nests of grass and feathers in natural or abandoned tree cavities or in cliff crevices. Like the tree swallow, this bird readily accepts bird houses.

Lays four or five white eggs which hatch after about two weeks incubation and young leave the nest in about three weeks.

Eats flying insects.

The Violet Green Swallow nest box (same as for Tree Swallow) has a 5" by 5" floor, 8" inside ceiling, 1 1/2" diameter entrance hole located 6" above the floor and ventilation openings.

Assemble with corrosion resistant screws fit to pre-drilled countersunk pilot holes.

Hinged roof is secured with shutter hooks for easy access.

Nestbox Plans for Violet Green and Tree Swallows
Tree Swallow &
Violet-Green Swallow Nestbox

Mount on a tree or post in open woodlands or hang from a tree branch or under an eave between four and twenty feet high with partial sun and shade.

Remove the nest after the brood rearing seasons are over.

Sparrows, chickadees, titmice, nuthatches, downy woodpeckers and wrens may use this box.


Violet-green Swallow, Bruce Horsfall

Bruce Horsfall


  50birds Home                                       Privacy Policy