|Dark brown or black feathers tipped with
gray or buff white. Yellow bill. Short tail feathers. Walkers, not hoppers.
Inhabits most of North America, often near people in cities and towns and on
Builds nests of twigs, grass, feathers and hair in abandoned tree
cavities and rock cliffs, building nooks and crannies, steeples, towers, eaves and bird
houses if not evicted.
Lays about four to six pale greenish-blue or bluish-white eggs which hatch after about
two weeks incubation and young leave the nest in about another three weeks.
Flocks forage for various seeds, fruits and crawling insects
Starlings gather in huge flocks and migrate moderate distances in fall, while in some
areas they remain year around.
Fierce competitors of bluebirds and other song birds.
At one time, the European Starling was a favorite caged bird because
of its songs and ability to imitate sounds, which is probably why it was imported. The
first flocks introduced in America did not survive. The sixty birds released by Eugene Schieffelin in Central Park in 1890 did survive.
Flocks were observed around New York City shortly thereafter including some that moved
into the Museum of Natural History and they remained year around.
From an early U.S. Biological Survey: Its unsightly nesting habits,
antagonism to other birds, and its proneness to form immense roosts in residential
sections counterbalance what good may be expected of its insectivorous habits.