Prothonotary Warbler

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Emberizidae
Subfamily: Parulinae
Genus: Protonotaria
Species: citrea

La. passer  sparrow, small bird
La. forma  form, kind, species
La. parus  a tit (small bird)
La. linteatus  clothed in linen
Gr. photos  first
La. notarius  secretary (the
     Chief Secretary of the
     Chancery in Rome wore
La. citreus  of the citrus tree
La. critron  yellow


Prothonotary Warbler, Robert Bruce Horsfall, The Birds of North Carolina, T. Gilbert Pearson, C.S. Brimley, H.H. Brimley, 1919

Robert Bruce Horsfall  

About five inches long with radiant colors. Conspicuous black eyes and beak stand out from the rich orange head. Orange neck, throat and breast with lighter belly. Greenish yellow back. Blue-gray wings and tail


USGS Prothonotary Warbler Map


Inhabits woodland bordered swamps, ponds and stream bottom lands east of the Great Plains from the Gulf States along the Mississippi Valley to Minnesota, and the lower Great Lakes States, to the eastern seaboard from Florida to New York, occasionally as far as Maine.

Builds nests of twigs, leaves and moss in natural or abandoned cavities low to the ground in decaying stumps and up to fifteen feet high in trees overhanging or standing in water.

Lays four to seven creamy-white speckled eggs which hatch after about two weeks incubation and young leave the nest in about another two weeks.

Prothonotary Warbler, F. Schuyler Mathews, Field Book of Wild Birds and Their Music, 1922

F. Schuyler Mathews

Forages for insects in bushes and low trees, often willow trees over water.  Best observed in its habitat from a canoe.

The Prothonotary Warbler nest box has a 5" by 5" floor, 6" inside ceiling, 1 1/8" diameter entrance hole located 5" above the floor and ventilation openings. Assembled with corrosion resistant screws fit to pre-drilled countersunk pilot holes. Hinged roof is secured with shutter hooks for easy access.

Mount on a tree, stump, or post over water from waist level up to an extended reach. Remove nest after brood rearing season.

Prothonotary Warbler Birdhouse Plans and Dimensions
Prothonotary Warbler
Nest Box Plans



  50birds Home                                       Privacy Policy