Gr. pikos woodpecker
La. picus woodpecker
Gr. Circe, mythological
daughter of Helios,
changed Picus, son of
Saturn, into a woodpecker
La. forma form, shape, kind
Gr. melas black
Gr. herpes a creeper
La. aurum gold
La. frons forehead, brow
Spencer Fullerton Baird
|Nine or ten inches long. Red crown and
nape, black and white barred back, wings and tail feathers. White head and underside.
Abundant in mesquite shrublands or mixed forests
in arid Texas, southwest Oklahoma and further south in Mexico, Honduras
and northern Nicaragua.
Builds nests in cavities it excavates or reuses an abandoned
cavity in decaying trees, telephone poles, or fence posts from
within reach to twenty feet or higher.
Lays four to seven,
usually five or six white eggs which hatch after about two weeks
incubation and young leave the nest in about another four weeks.
Eats beetles, ants, and grasshoppers, corn, acorns, berries and
other wild fruit.
The Golden-fronted Woodpecker nest box (same as for the
Red-headed Woodpecker and Hawk Owl) has a 6" by 6" floor, 14"
inside ceiling, 2" diameter entrance hole located 11" above the
floor and ventilation openings. Hinged roof is secured with
Chester A. Reed
|Mount nest box on a tree trunk or post between ten and twenty feet high. Place wood
chips in the nest box.