Carolina Wren

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Troglodytidae
Genus: Thryothorus
Species: ludovicianus

La. passer  sparrow, small bird
La. forma  form, kind, species
Gr. trogle  hole or hollow
Gr. dutes  burrower
Gr. troglodutes  cave dweller
Gr. thruon  a reed
Gr. thouros  leaping
La. ludovicius  Louis
La. -anus  belonging to
La. ludovicianus  for the Louisiana
     Territory named for Louis XIV

Carolina Wren, Ernest J. Sawyer, Educational Bird Leaflets, 1913

Ernest J. Sawyer  

Largest Wren, just a little larger than the House Wren, five to six inches long, about four inches upright. Brownish upper, darker finely barred wings and tail. Cream-buff under side and whiter throat. Thin white streak from the beak, over the eye, to the back of the head. Thin, slightly downward curved beak. Typical hunkered down wren stance with upright tail when alerted.

USGS Carolina Wren Map

Inhabits woodlands, groves, farms and small towns from the southeastern corner of South Dakota, throughout the lower Great Lakes to parts of Maine and from the southern tip of Texas and northeastern Mexico to southern Florida.

Builds bulky nests of leaves, grass and feathers lined with finer grasses and hair often in shady ravines, wooded and rocky banks of streams, in log piles, brush heaps, natural or abandoned tree cavities.

Nests anywhere about houses and sheds, sometimes on beams, in crevices and bird houses and platforms.

Lays around three to six speckled white or pinkish eggs which hatch after about two weeks incubation and young leave the nest in another two weeks.

Carolina Wren, Louis Agassiz Fuertes, Birds of America, 1917

Louis Agassiz Fuertes

Curious, nervous and almost too quick to notice, it investigates every nook and cranny in foliage, fallen timber and rock mounds in search of insects, seeds and berries. 

A variety of songs thought to have been imitations gave it the mocking wren nickname. One of the few birds that sings at night. Devoted to mates.   

Carolina Wren Birdhouse Plans include a 4" by 4" floor, 8" inside ceiling, 1 1/2" diameter entrance hole located 6" above the floor, ventilation openings, hinged roof secured with shutter hooks and is assembled with screws fit to pre-drilled pilot holes.

Other wrens, chickadees, titmice, nuthatches and sparrows may use this box.

Mount or hang from tree limbs at chest level or higher if necessary in secluded locations with partial sun and shade in the vicinity of thick underbrush.  Male Wrens will build several nests for the female to choose from so hanging several nest boxes may make an area more attractive.

Carolina Wrens will also nest on Platforms.

Birdhouse Plans for Carolina Wrens
Carolina Wren Nest Box Plans


Carolina Wren on the U. S. Quarter honoring the State of South Carolina

U.S. Quarter

Carolina Wren on the U.S. Quarter
honoring the State of South Carolina


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