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Carolina Chickadee

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paridae
Genus: Poecile
Species: carolinensis

 

Carolina Chickadee, Louis Abassiz Fuertes

Louis Agassiz Fuertes
 
 
La. passer sparrow, small bird
La. forma form, kind, species
La. parum too little
La. parus titmouse, tomtit
Gr. poecile painted
La. carolinensis for the
     Carolina Colonies
 

Four inches or a little longer. Top of head and throat black. Sides of head and

neck white. White underside. Gray wings, back and tail.

Inhabits forests, groves, and other wooded areas near ponds, marshes, and swamps and on farms and in towns throughout the southeastern U.S. from Kansas to New Jersey in the North to the Gulf States from Texas to Florida.
 

USGS Carolina Chickadee Map

Builds nests of fine grass, feathers and hair usually in abandon or natural cavities or excavates its own in older trees or bird houses from within reach up to fifteen feet.

Lays six to eight white eggs which hatch after about two weeks incubation and young leave the nest after about another two or three weeks.

 
Forages for insects, their eggs and larva, seeds and fruit in small flocks with nuthatches and titmice and Black-capped Chickadees where their ranges overlap.
Baby Chickadees, A. R. Dugmore

R. Bruce Horsfall


Will frequent feeders and nest in bird houses. Feed Chickadees sunflower seeds, nyjer (thistle seeds) and suet. 


The Carolina Chickadee birdhouse plans (same as for Titmice, Nuthatches, Downy Woodpecker and other Chickadees) has a 4" by 4" floor, 9" inside ceiling, 1 1/4" diameter entrance hole located 7" above the floor and ventilation openings.

 
Assemble with corrosion resistant screws and fit to pre-drilled countersunk pilot holes. Secure hinged with shutter hooks for easy access.

Mount nest box on a tree trunk or hang from a limb from chest level to just out of reach, higher only if necessary. Because Chickadees commonly nest in natural or abandon cavities, or excavate their own cavities, a few chips on the nest box floor are fitting. Remove the nest after the brood rearing seasons are over.

Nestbox for Chickadees, Nuthatches, Titmice and Downy Woodpeckers
Carolina Chickadee Nestbox

Carolina Chickadee Song, F. Schuyler Mathews

 

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