Boreal Chickadee

Order: Passeriformes
Family: Paridae
Genus: Poecile
Species: hudsonicus

La. passer  sparrow, small
La. forma  form, kind, species
La. parum  too little
La. parus  titmouse, tomtit
Gr. poecile  painted
La. hudsonicus  for Henry

Boreal Chickadee, Robert Ridgway and John L Ridgway

Louis Agassiz Fuertes

Also called Hudsonian and Acadian Chickadee.

About five inches long. Similar to, but darker than the Black-capped Chickadee.

Grayish brown crown and back. Black throat. Ashen-white undersides and sides of neck. Chestnut flanks. Gray wings and tail.

USGS Boreal Chickadee Map

Inhabits coniferous forests in Alaska and across Canada from British Columbia to the northern Great Lakes Region, Ontario,

Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and down to the New England States.

Builds nests of moss, fine grass and rabbit fur in cavities low to the ground in decayed stumps and higher in trees. 

Lays six or seven, more or less, creamy-white, speckled eggs

Forages for insects, seeds and fruit occasionally in flocks with Black-capped Chickadees


Boreal Chickadee, Louis Agassiz Fuertes, Birds of America, 1917

Louis Agassiz Fuertes


Feed Chickadees sunflower seeds, nyjer (thistle seeds) and suet.

Boreal Chickadee Song, F. Schuyler Mathews

Sings similar but more deliberate and lower pitched notes than the Black-capped Chickadee.

The Birdhouse for Boreal Chickadees (same as for Nuthatches, Titmice, Downy Woodpeckers and other Chickadees) has a 4" by 4" floor, 9" inside ceiling, 1 1/4" diameter entrance hole located 7" above the floor and ventilation openings.

Assemble with corrosion resistant screws fit to pre-drilled countersunk pilot holes. Hinged roof is secured with shutter hooks for easy access.

Mount nest box on a tree trunk or hang from a limb from chest level to just out of reach, higher only if necessary.

Chickadee Nestbox Plans
Boreal Chickadee
Nest Box Plans

Because Chickadees commonly nest in natural or abandon cavities, or excavate their own cavities, a few chips on the nest box floor are fitting. Remove the nest after the brood rearing seasons are over. 

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